Food is always an important element of our daily lives. Food is not only necessary for our survival, but it also plays an important role in society’s culture and traditions. Each group and area on the planet has its own unique food culture. Food is extremely important in a person’s existence. It provides nourishment to the person’s heart and spirit, from wonderful memories of childhood munchies to present eating habits. Food also acts as a unifying force, bringing people from other cultures together and allowing us to see the world through the eyes of others.
North Indian and South Indian cuisines are the most notable variances in Indian food. Each location in India has its own distinct form of Indian cuisine, demonstrating the country’s uniqueness.
North Indian food
Wheat is a staple food for most North Indians, and several wheat-based cuisines, including Aloo Paratha and Makki Roti, are also a component of the diet. In addition to this, vegetarian meals like Rajma Chawal and Kadhi are popular. Yogurt, milk, ghee, and paneer are all common dairy products in North Indian cuisine. Tandoor ovens are there to cook bread like naan, whereas the tawa griddle is there to make roti. While meat and fish are there in Northern cuisine, it is mostly a vegetarian society. A bowl of yogurt serves alongside freshly cooked roti and a major dish such as saag for a traditional, authentic handmade dinner
Some of the famous North Indian dishes are:
Aloo paratha is the most likable dish in North India. It is a famous Indian breakfast that originated in Punjab, India. It has whole wheat mixed with spices and potatoes in it.
Hot wheat flatbreads filled with spicy, tenderly sour mashed potatoes are usually given with curd or tangy sour mango pickles.
The liquid leftover after churning butter from developed cream contains real buttermilk. However, cultured buttermilk, which you can buy in the market and prepare it by boiling whole or low-fat milk with a bacteria culture added to it. After that, it is left to ferment for around 12 hours. Buttermilk is also very famous in North India and often present with heavy meals.
Shahi paneer is a Moghul-style cheese curry from India. Paneer cheese, onions, almond paste, as well as a creamy, spicy tomato-cream sauce makes it. The meal frequently presents with Indian bread like naan, roti, or puri.
The Royal Paneer is another name for it. During important festivals and events, one generally serves it as a vegetarian main dish. Coriander leaves are generally adorned with Shahi paneer, which is rich, hearty, and nourishing.
Even though it started in Punjab, dal Makhni is popular both within and outside the country. It has become one of the most popular lentil meals in India. It has red kidney beans (also known as urad) and whole black lentils.
The dish is made with a rich and thick tomato-based sauce, a lot of ghee, and a lot of spice. It’s made with ingredients like ginger garlic paste and chilli, and it’s cooked gently. The last addition gives rise to the word Makhni, which means butter. The sprinkling of heated ghee or butter provides the characteristic velvety taste of this classic dish.
The meal is frequently served with naan or roti bread and also is frequently garnished with yogurt or cream. Dal Makhni is a restaurant’s favorite and staple in India throughout numerous festive seasons.
Tandoori chicken originally comes from the Persian word tannur, which means “fire.” In Indian food, it is among the most popular meals. The chicken skin is marinated in yogurt, then spiced with tandoori masala, nutmeg, as well as cumin before being skewered.
Yogurt or buttermilk is a basis in a significant number of Indian cuisines. The name Kadhi refers to dishes that are typically thickened with gram flour (besan). While Kadhi is famous throughout India, each region has developed its own version with different ingredients. Extra ingredients, consistency, flavor, and preparation go into making them.
Among the most popular is Punjabi Kadhi, which is unique because of its thick consistency and the inclusion of pakora fritters. The Sindh edition, which is inspired by Gujarati, Rajasthani is another popular variety. Kadhi is a traditional comfort dish, People present it with rice or roti bread.
A famous veggie Indian dish is palak paneer. It’s prepared with paneer cheese, tomatoes, garam masala, garlic, as well as other spices, and then a thick spinach puree sauce. The primary components are also listed in the dish’s name. Palak is the Hindi word for spinach, whereas paneer is the Hindi word for cheese.
Palak paneer has its beginnings in the Punjabi region, however, there are various variations of the dish all over India. It’s a filling dinner that you can serve with rice or Indian flatbreads like naan and roti. It is suitable for breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
Murgha Makhni, or butter chicken, is perhaps the most well-known of all Indian cuisines. Many Indian eateries serve it as a standard dish. The dish comes from Delhi in the 1950s when a guy named Kundan Lal Gujral started his restaurant, Moti Mahal.
The restaurant’s chefs combined leftover marinated liquids, tomatoes, and butter. Then, without realizing it, he simmered the tandoor-cooked chicken in it. They unintentionally discovered it is among the most popular dishes of all time, as well as a potential overseas specialty.
Biryani is a traditional Indian cuisine that dates back to the Mughal Empire. Rice (preferably basmati), spices, meat, egg, or vegetable basis, and a variety of extra additions are all used in this dish. The key components of biryani are dried fruit, almonds, and yogurt.
In India, especially in northern India, this is the most popular street snack. One can also serve dahi bhalla as a chillled snack or appetizer during special festivals such as Diwali or Navratri. Make delectable bhallas with sweet curd, sour but also tangy chutneys, and chaat masala, which you can garnish with your hand.
Spices, regular use of milk products, the tandoor oven, tawa pan, and wheat-based staples are all characteristics of Northern Indian cuisine.
When visiting North India, there are some ‘must-try food items to add to your to-do list.
Fire n ice is an Indian restaurant in Yangon, Myanmar which serves delicious North Indian food that is rich in various spices and flavors making it unique.